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Brief life history :

Ilayazhwar travels with periya nambi to srirangam to meet alavandhar – but only sees alavandhars charama thirumeni. He vows that he will fulfill alavandhars 3 wishes.ilayazhwar considers thirukkachi nambi to be his acharyan and asks him to do pancha samskaram, but nambi refuses to do that citing pramanams from sastram. Ilayazhwar wants to have sesha prasadham of thirukkachi nambi but his desire is not fulfilled.

Dheva perumal gives Aru varthaigal (6 words) to ilayazhwar through thirukkachi nambi.ilayazhwar and periya nambi meet at madhuranthagam. Periya nambi does pancha samskaram to ilayazhwar and gives ramanujan as dhasya namam.periya nambi stays at ramanujar’s thirumaligai and teaches him all sampradhaya arthams. Eventually periya nambi leaves to srirangam.ramanujar accepts sanyasashramam from dheva perumal.azhwan and andan becomes sishyas of ramanujar.

Yadhava prakasar becomes a sishya of ramanujar and becomes govindha jeeyar. He writes “yathi dharma samuchayam” – which is used as guidelines for srivaishnava yathis.periya perumal sends thiruvaranga perumal to dheva perumal to bring ramanujar to srirangam.dheva perumal agrees and ramanujar becomes srirangavasi.ramanujar gets periya thirumalai nambi to bring govindha bhattar (embar) back into the srivaishnava dharmam.

Ramanujar travels to thirukkoshtiyur to learn charama slokam from thirukkoshtiyur nambi. He teaches the meaning to every one who came with the desire to learn that and was named emperumanar by thirukkosthiyur nambi.emperumanar listens thiruvaimozhi kalakshepam from thirumalai andan.emperumanar learns panchamopaya (acharya) nishtai from thiruvaranga perumal arayar.

Emperumanar out of his parama krupai, performs sharanagathi in front of namperumal and sriranga nachiar on a panguni uthram day for the benefit of all of his followers.emperumanar is given poisoned food. Thirukkoshtiyur nambi visits srirangam and orders kidambi achan to take care of emperumanars bikshai.emperumanar defeats yagya murthy in debate. Yagya murthy becomes arulala perumal emperumanar and is given thiruvaradhana kainkaryam for emperumanars thiruvaradhana emperuman.

Emperumanar instructs ananthazhwan, etc to become arulala perumal emperumanar’s sishyas.emperumanar sends ananthazhwan to thirumalai to perform nithya kainkaryam to thiruvenkatamudayan.emperumanar goes on pilgrimage and finally visits thirumalai.emperumanar establishes that thiruvenkatamudayan is a vishnu murthy (vigraham) and defeat the kudhrustis who claimed otherwise. He is glorified as the acharyan of thiruvenkatamudayan and can be seen with a jnana mudhrai in thirumalai.

There he hears sri ramayana kalakshepam from periya thirumalai nambi.emperumanar gives sanyasashramam for govindha bhattar and names him embar.emperumanar visits kashmir along with kurathazhwan to bring bodhayana vruthi grantham. They get the grantham but the wicked pandits send their soldiers to take it away from emperumanar. When it was lost, azhwan says he memorized everything.emperumanar with the help of azhwan writes sribhashyam fulling alavandhar’s first wish.emperumanar visits thirukkurungudi and empeuman becomes a sishya of emperumanar and gets the name “srivaishnava nambi”.

Azhwan and andal by the grace of prasadham from namperumal gets 2 children. Emperumanar names them parasara and vedha vyasa fulfilling alavandhar’s second wish.embar’s brother siriya govindha perumal gets a child and emperumanar names him “parangusa nambi” fulfilling alavandhar’s third wish. It is also said that emperumanar instructed thirukkurugai piran pillan to write a commentary for thiruvaimozhi to fulfill alavandhar’s third wish.emperumanar travels to thirunarayana puram, establishes the temple worship there and initiates many into our sampradhayam.

Emperumanar takes the form of 1000 headed adhiseshan and defeats 1000 jain scholars simulataneously.emperumanar retrieves selvapillai utsava murthy from muslim king’s daughter and performs the marriage of the muslim king’s daughter and selva pillai.emperumanar returns to srirangam after the saiva kings death. He instructs azhwan to get his eyes back by glorifying dheva perumal.emperumanar travels to thirumaliruncholai and offers 100 plates of akkara adisil and 100 plates of butter as per andal’s wish.emperumanar shows the greatness of pillai uranga villi dhasar to other srivaishnavas.

Emperumanar gives many final instructions to his sishyas. He instructs his sishyas to treat parasara bhattar as himself. Also, He instructs parasara bhattar to bring nanjeeyar into our sampradhayam. finally, meditating on alavandhar’s thirumeni, emperumanar completes his leelai in leela vibhuthi and returns paramapadham to continue his leelai in nithya vibhuthi. just like azhwar’s charama thirumeni was preserved inside the adhinathan temple in azhwar thiunagari, emperumanar’s charama thirumeni is also preserved inside the ranganathan temple in srirangam (under the mulavar thirumeni in emperumanar sannidhi). all his charama kainkaryams were done in a grand manner just like the brahmotsavam of thiruvaranganathan himself.

Literary Contributions

Ramanuja may have written 9 important books. They are also referred to as the nine precious gems, the Navarathnas.

  1. His most famous work known as Sri Bhashyam. It is a commentary on the Brahma Sutras, known as the Vedanta Sutras of Badarayana.Gadhya Thrayam(three prose hymns).
  2. Gadhya Thrayam(three prose hymns)

  3. Saranagati Gadyam, an imagined dialogue between Ramanuja and Shri (Lakshmi) and Narayana where he petitions Lakshmi to recommend Narayana to give him grace. Narayana and Lakshmi accept his surrender.
  4. Sriranga Gadyam, a prayer of surrender to the feet of Ranganatha.
  5. Sri Vaikunta Gadyam describing Vaikuntha, the realm of Vishnu and recommending meditating on it.

  6. Vedartha Sangraha (a resume of Vedanta). It sets out Ramanuja's philosophy, which is theistic (it affirms a morally perfect, omniscient and omnipotent God) and realistic (it affirms the existence and reality of a plurality of qualities, persons and objects).
  7. Vedanta Saara(essence of Vedanta) an appendix to Sri Bhasya.
  8. Vedanta Deepa(the light of Vedanta), an appendix to Sri Bhashya.
  9. Gita Bhashya (his commentary on the Bhagavad Gita).
  10. Nithya Grantham(About the day to day activities to be performed by all Sri Vaishnavas).